The Geographic South Pole is remapped periodically due to the ice on the surface moving each year.

The South Pole's elevation is 9,301 feet.

The Magnetic South Pole is the point on the Earth where a compass needle is vertical. The magnetic pole is due to magnetic fields from within the earth. This is NOT the geographic South Pole on the map.

At the South Pole, the sun rises once a year in late September and sets in late March.

The average elevation of the continent is 8,000 feet.

The continent is surrounded by ocean.

There are no indigenous people in Antarctica.

No nation rules Antarctica.

*"Climate: severe low temperatures vary with latitude, elevation, and distance from the ocean; East Antarctica is colder than West Antarctica because of its higher elevation; Antarctic Peninsula has the most moderate climate; higher temperatures occur in January along the coast and average slightly below freezing.

Terrain: about 98% thick continental ice sheet and 2% barren rock, with average elevations between 2,000 and 4,000 meters; mountain ranges up to 5,140 meters; ice-free coastal areas include parts of southern Victoria Land, Wilkes Land, the Antarctic Peninsula area, and parts of Ross Island on McMurdo Sound; glaciers form ice shelves along about half of the coastline, and floating ice shelves constitute 11% of the area of the continent.

Ports and harbors: there are no developed ports and harbors in Antarctica; most coastal stations have offshore anchorages, and supplies are transferred from ship to shore by small boats, barges, and helicopters; a few stations have a basic wharf facility US coastal stations include McMurdo; offshore anchorage is sparse and intermittent." *Sources include: